Sources of the Indian Constitution – Features Borrowed

Sources of the Indian Constitution – Features Borrowed


Constituent Assembly took the best of from features from other nations’ and made them its own.

Our constitution has features taken from the Government of India Act1935, Those features are:

  • Administrative details
  • Emergency provisions
  • Federal Scheme
  • Judiciary
  • Office of governor
  • Public Service Commissions

The other borrowed provisions from different countries and details of those are given in the table below:

Countries Borrowed Features of Indian Constitution
  • Concurrent list
  • Freedom of trade, commerce and intercourse
  • Joint-sitting of the two Houses of Parliament
  • Federation with a strong Centre
  • Vesting of residuary powers in the Centre
  • Appointment of state governors by the Centre
  • Advisory jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
  • Directive Principles of State Policy
  • Nomination of members to Rajya Sabha
  • Method of election of the president
  • Procedure Established by law
Soviet Union (USSR) (now, Russia)
  • Fundamental duties
  • Ideals of justice (social, economic and political) in the Preamble
  • Fundamental rights
  • Independence of judiciary
  • Judicial review
  • Impeachment of the president
  • Removal of Supreme Court and High Court judges
  • Post of vice president
Germany (Weimar)
  • Suspension of Fundamental Rights during emergency
South Africa
  • Procedure for Election of members of Rajya Sabha
  • Republic
  • Ideals of liberty, equality and fraternity in the Preamble


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